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Issues » 2018/4 - ERIS Journal - Summer 2018 »

Timo Toikko, Yerkin Kulymbaevitch Uisimbayev, Aini Pehkonen

Health, Wellbeing and Social Support in the Groups of Employed and Unemployed in a Finnish Community


Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we examine whether the labour market status is a significant factor in explaining the association between self-rated health and subjective well-being. THEORETICAL BASE: We test whether social support reduces the negative effects of impaired health on well-being. Hence, we analysed whether the groups of employed and unemployed are different in terms of how they each benefit from receiving social support. METHODS: The study is based on a survey conducted in 2016. The data consist of 841 respondents from which 732 had the labour market status of employed people and 109 had the labour market status of unemployed people. OUTCOMES: Labour market status is a significant factor in explaining the association between self-rated health and subjective well-being. Unemployed people with a low health status had a much lower rating with respect to subjective well-being compared to employed people with a similar low-rated health situation. There is a greater reduction in the impact of negative factors on subjective well-being via social support in the group of employed people. SOCIAL WORK IMPLICATIONS: The findings suggest that disadvantaged people should have been offered intensified services. From a policy perspective, the findings suggest a need for close cooperation between health, labour and social services.


Keywords:

well-being, health, social support, unemployment




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