Exploratory Research on Community Empowerment for Women Victims of Forced Migration: Implications for Social Work in Sustainable Community Reintegration

Tapfumanei Kusemwa, Pius T. Tanga

The research was guided by the following OBJECTIVES: To explore the narratives/experiences of the women victims of trafficking in Harare, Zimbabwe; to assess the socio- economic and psychological coping strategies employed by women Victims of human trafficking and, to establish the social protection measures taken to reintegrate women Victims of human trafficking in Zimbabwe. The THEORETICAL BASE employed in this study was the hermeneutic phenomenological theoretical background aimed at understanding the hidden meanings and the essences of the trafficking rescue and integration experience. METHODS: The research adopted a qualitative research design and a purposive sample of twelve Victims of trafficking and eighteen key informants. Semi-structured interviews and focus were used to gather data. The data was analysed using the concept-modelling approach. The OUTCOMES of the research noted that trafficked women reported experiencing job losses, failure to get jobs, and delays in salary payment. The reasons for being trafficked included the loss of parents/breadwinners, and vulnerabilities emanating from divorces. Upon reintegration in the community victims reported facing stigma, blame and stereotyping. The SOCIAL WORK IMPLICATIONS are discussed along four areas: social work training, policy advocacy, social norms change and families and social work research.

forced migration, human trafficking, women victims, community empowerment