Selected Socio-Cultural Aspects of Disability in the Arab World – Sociological Approach

Beata Balogova, Leon Szot

OBJECTIVES: The authors undertake a thorough analysis of approaches towards disability in the Arab region, its socio-cultural aspects.
THEORETICAL BASE: To that end, firstly, they explore the logic of disability notions and its perceptions in the leading research in the Arab region.
METHODS: The paper presents the results obtained from a quantitative research strategy, which used statistical indicators of relevant institutions with subsequent comparison. Subsequently, the authors examine the issues related to different types and causes of disability, employment issues, education and social protection of persons with disabilities in the region while focusing on the most accessible, rigorous and complete data.
OUTCOMES: The research showed differences in approach to this clientele, pointing to the lack of social interventions. The methodological key to effective intervention is an ethical analysis of value approaches. SOCIAL
WORK IMPLICATIONS: The authors deal with issues that are closely related to disability, such as social diversity and social stigmatization, which most threaten the clientele. The role of social work lies in exploring the issue of disability in the Arab world, whereas this phenomenon is actually latent in society. Issues of social policy and specific welfare state interventions remain only on a declarative level, without their practical application.

disability, persons with disabilities, social stigmatization, Arab region, social integration, marginalization